One change that would most help 乡村 North Carolina

2018年4月12日发布

通过 汤姆·坎贝尔

作者:NC SPIN制作人兼主持人汤姆·坎贝尔(Tom Campbell),2018年4月11日

If you could wave a magic wand and make one change that would provide the greatest 效益 to 乡村 North Carolina what would it be? I’ve been intrigued by that question ever since it was first posed during a panel discussion on 乡村 issues.

I  thank the many readers, who gave some very valuable answers to that question, but will defer to Patrick Woodie, CEO of The North Carolina Rural Center. Woodie has just completed a tour of all 80 乡村 counties in our state, meeting people and viewing conditions.  Patrick says if he could only choose one thing his top priority would be the completion of last-mile broadband Internet in 乡村 counties. Our state has done a commendable job of completing middle-mile broadband to libraries, schools, hospitals and some state agencies, but hasn’t finished the job.

为什么这么重要,为什么还没有完成?互联网不再是一种奢侈,而是几乎必不可少的。由于缺乏医疗保健提供者,特别是在心理健康方面,远程医疗对于确保农村地区获得适当的医疗保健至关重要。我们学校中有些学科很难填补;互联网可以在每个教室里安排一位老师。我们的学生需要Internet才能完成家庭作业并进行研究,而又不会经常在封闭的图书馆或咖啡厅外闲逛。没有联系客户,营销他们的产品和进行购买的能力,任何企业都无法正常运转。即使经常与本地商人竞争,互联网接入对于当今的消费者来说也是购物,学习和娱乐的必备条件。如果我们对北卡罗来纳州农村地区的人们充满希望或什至留在农村,那么访问宽带互联网至关重要。

The reasons why broadband isn’t universally available is economic. Most existing Internet Service Providers (ISPs) are for-profit ventures and laying fiber optic cable is expensive in densely populated communities, but is cost prohibitive in 乡村 areas where, by definition, there are fewer than 250 people per square mile.

为了实现所有区域的最后一英里宽带可用性,我们需要具有创造力,协作性和成本效益。每个县的解决方案都将有所不同,一些解决方案涉及私营的营利性企业,而其他解决方案则包含营利性,非营利性和慈善组织的混合体。而且,没有一种技术适用于每个区域,因此需要将光纤,固定无线技术和其他技术混合在一起。最终的考验将是该服务是否可负担。每月接受$ 50至$ 75,因为客户将为宽带支付上限。

 

There are some examples where this is working in our state. In Northwestern Carolina Skyline telephone, a co-op, provides broadband for 乡村 areas of Alleghany, Ashe and Watauga Counties, using a combination of landline and fixed wireless broadcast signals. East Carolina Broadband, a private group, provides ISP service using grain silos and other tall structures to broadcast fixed wireless signals. Rural electric co-ops are considering offering service and the City of Wilson’s Greenlight project has worked very well, even though larger ISPs don’t like the competition.

We cannot tackle all 乡村 issues at one time, but providing last-mile broadband Internet service is a goal we can and should pledge to complete for the wellbeing of all people.

 

2018年4月13日,上午9:47
范凯莉 说:

It'不幸的是,但事实上互联网访问已几乎成为必需。不应被政府强制'benefit' thought.

那么,公私合营?也许。私人安装是处理此问题的最佳方法。

我为什么要这样说呢?库兹政府不是任何私人企业的竞争者。政府是私人企业的杀手。政府机构不仅不必像私营企业那样赚钱或收支平衡,而且政府更愿意从任何形式中消除私营企业。 &政府介入的所有领域。政府不喜欢竞争,因为与政府做同样事情的所有业务都比任何政府机构做得更好。没有意见,事实!

但是,更重要的问题归结为WHY,为什么政府没有补贴私人企业在各地实现Internet访问?在任何地方,我的意思是到处都是!十多年来,我们中那些为自己的互联网服务和电话服务付费的人一直在为账单支付额外的费用(而不是税!),以便使用电话&可以提供互联网服务'rural' areas and other areas that are difficult for businesses to expand their reach. Has this money been used to provide Internet service to 乡村 areas? We know the money IS NOT going to provide phone service, cuz all the people who need a phone have at least 1 obamaphone! So, no phone necessary, why isn't the money being used to provide affordable Internet service to 乡村/poor areas? Probably just ANOTHER case of government ineptitude! Talk about repeating myself.

2018年4月13日,下午2:57
乔·约翰 说:

汤姆

2011-84年会议法(众议院法案129),所谓的"公平竞争法"由当时的代表赞助。玛丽莲·阿维拉(Marilyn Avila)禁止当地市政当局运营自己的互联网社区宽带服务(威尔森和其他一些已经这样做的宽带服务被豁免,但不能将服务扩展到较小的邻近社区)。因此,确定较小的社区是否将获得宽带服务的决定权交给了大型电信提供商,正如您所指出的那样,大型电信提供商对缺乏潜在利润潜力的地区不感兴趣,也没有兴趣。

SL 2017-84仍是法律,尽管2017年的HB 68,"Bright Futures Act" promoted by the League of Municipalities, lays the groundwork for the possibility of public-private partnerships to provide broadband services. HB 68 passed the NC House, but was sent to the Senate Rules Committee where it remains along with a Senate companion bill, SB 65. So the damage to 乡村 small businesses and individuals created by the "公平竞争法"持续到今天。

众议员乔·约翰

2018年4月13日,下午5:27
布鲁斯·斯坦利 说:

为什么呢'用来支付互联网提供商提供基础设施的地方税金吗?